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Type 2 Diabetes: Treatment, Management, And Symptoms

Type 2 Diabetes: Treatment, Management, and Symptoms

 Living With Type 2 Diabetes: Treatment, Management, and Symptoms

Living with Type 2 Diabetes

According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020., 34.2 million Americans or 10.5% of the U.S. population have diabetes and 88 million Americans have prediabetes.

Whether it’s you or your loved one, proper type 2 diabetes treatment and management are key things to know when it comes to this prevalent disease. In this article, we’ll talk more about type 2 diabetes symptoms, proper management, and lifestyle choices.

An Overview of Diabetes Definition, Types and Causes

Living with Type 2 Diabetes

They say “Life begins at 40”. We say “Life doesn’t end with Type 2 Diabetes”.

Have you just been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes? Or is it your loved one?

Maybe you or they have been living with it for quite a while.

Everything we experience in life is a byproduct of our decisions and we hope you make the right one.

Proper management and lifestyle choices have a significant impact on living with this condition. Learn about type 2 diabetes treatment and management but first, let’s look at the symptoms.


Diabetes Risks and Prevention

Listed below are the common type 2 diabetes symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Confusion
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Abdominal pain


Diabetes Complications and Medication Side Effects

Type 2 diabetes treatment varies depending on several factors. Your physician will give you the best possible treatment tailored just for you.

Here are some examples…


Metformin is the first type 2 diabetes treatment and medication prescribed for patients. It lowers glucose production in the liver and improves your body’s response to insulin and utilizes it effectively.

Insulin Therapy

These days, insulin therapy is used early on rather than as a last resort. Insulin must be injected as normal digestion interferes with it if you take it orally. You can discuss with your physician which insulin type works best for you.

Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery or also called weight-loss surgery is one of your options if your body mass index (also known as BMI) is greater than 35.


Glucotrol (glipizide), DiaBeta and Glynase (glyburide), and Amaryl (glimepiride). These drugs help your body produce more insulin.


Rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos) work like Metformin by increasing the sensitivity of the body to insulin.  These medications can cause serious side effects so they’re not generally prescribed early on.


Prandin (repaglinide) and Starlix (nateglinide) work like sulfonylureas by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin. These medications act faster but the duration is shorter compared to sulfonylurea.

SGLT2 Inhibitors

Drugs such as Invokana (canagliflozin), Jardiance (empagliflozin), and Forxiga (dapagliflozin) prevent or limit your kidneys from reabsorbing glucose back into your blood and disposes of it through your urinary tract.

DPP-4 Inhibitors

Tradjenta (linagliptin), Januvia (sitagliptin), and Onglyza (saxagliptin) help reduce blood sugar levels, but the effects are minimal.

GLP-1 Receptor Agonists

Drugs like Byetta and Bydureon (exenatide), Victoza (liraglutide), and Ozempic (semaglutide). They aid in slowing down stomach digestion and help lower blood glucose levels.

Diabetes Management

More info in Diabetes Lifestyle Index

Now that you’re living with type 2 diabetes; treatment and how you manage your condition can drastically affect your future.

Eat A Healthy Diet

“You are what you eat”

You’ve probably heard or read this somewhere at this point in your life.

Having the right kind of fuel heavily impacts the engine’s performance and the same is true for your body.

What to include in your diet:

  • Whole grains
  • Fish rich in Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Lean meat without skin
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Unsalted nuts, seeds, and legumes.

What not to include in your diet:

  • Table sugars and artificial sweeteners
  • Fatty and factory processed meat
  • Saturated fat
  • Trans fat
  • Over 1,500 mg of sodium
  • Over 300 mg of cholesterol
  • Alcohol (limited amounts only)

Get Moving

Exercise is as important as a healthy diet. If you weren’t active before you got diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, now is the time to be. You can workout at home, run outside, or join a gym. What’s important is that you get moving and get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Your exercise routine should make you sweat and puff a little more than normal.

Keeping an active lifestyle can help lower your blood glucose levels and ease your stress. A lot of the complications associated with type 2 diabetes can also be avoided with exercise. Take a look at our Diabetes Lifestyle Index to find a workout routine that fits you.

Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels

With recent technological advances, monitoring your condition is a walk in the park. To monitor progress and your body’s reaction to type 2 diabetes treatment and lifestyle, it’s best to check your blood glucose levels all throughout the day. A blood glucose meter is an effective way of checking your blood glucose level because it’s portable and convenient to use.

Check out our Diabetes Testing Kit and Diabetes Management Products to help you streamline your type 2 diabetes treatment and monitoring process.

To find out more about diabetes monitoring, check out our index for more valuable information.

Stop Smoking

 How To Quit Smoking: 10 Helpful Tips

Living a healthier lifestyle can be quite a challenge but the benefits outweigh the struggle. Quitting unhealthy vices and routines make a significant effect on living with type 2 diabetes.

If you smoke, the chances of you developing complications will increase and makes exercising much harder. Cigarette smoking is also linked to serious conditions such as heart disease, stroke, lung disease, mouth cancer, nerve damage, and so much more. Consult your family and friends if you plan on quitting as they can be an important support system for your addiction recovery.

Limit Alcohol Consumption

Yes… We know drinking alcohol is essentially a bond that brings people together or you may just enjoy a glass of wine or beer after a long day at work. Cutting down on alcohol will not only save you a few bucks but it will also make diabetes management much easier.

Alcohol can cause your blood glucose levels to fluctuate. If you choose to drink, limit your consumption and remember these things:

  • Conduct a blood glucose test before you drink.
  • Eat while you’re drinking if you’re taking medication or insulin.
  • Limit to 1 drink for women and 2 drinks for men.

Manage Stress

A stressed mind leads to an unhealthy body. Stress can impact your overall emotional well-being and can cause you to overeat, smoke, drink alcohol, procrastinate, and develop insomnia. It’s best to surround yourself with things and people who not only boost your energy levels but also support you and your new lifestyle.

Learn more about Stress Management.


You may think life is over for you because you’ve been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes but there is so much more to life than the burdens we carry.

It can be tiring and stressful to worry about what you can’t do. Instead, consider what you can do for yourself and improve your life’s standard. Understanding type 2 diabetes treatment, management, and symptoms is the first step.

Plan a healthy diet, meet your friends, spend more time with your family, be active, and live a healthy lifestyle. These things can be achieved with conscious effort and consistency.

You’re not alone in this journey and we’re here to help you lead the best life you can while living with this condition. Check out our convenient Diabetes Testing Kit for your diabetes monitoring needs.

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